Origin and Area of cultivation: Jute is derived from the two cultivated species Corchorus capsularis Colittorius is of African origin whereas C. Capsularis, is believed to Indo- Burmaese origin. Origin: Indian Subcontinent. In one district its introduction is fixed at 1872, in another at 1865, in a third before the date of the British rule and in a fourth it is put down at 500 years ago. Son nom est parfois orthographié « corette » ou « corette potagère ». Crops 3:10–14. The seeds are used as a flavouring, and a herbal tea is made from the dried leaves. We could not support an Indo-Myanmar origin of white jute, and possibly it also originated in Africa, but was domesticated in Asia. A new triterpine glycosides (capsin) and capsugenin 30-O-glucopyranoside were isolated from the leaves of Corchorus capsularis … Primary center of origin and diversity of the wild taxa of Corchorus appears to be Africa. Il Molokhia o Malva di iuta (Corchorus olitorius L.) è una specie arbustiva appartenente alla famiglia delle UniProtKB. Use : It is one of the largest exported fibre material of India. 123. Corchorus capsularis and Corchorus olitorius were selected and domesticated in the wake of civilization and are the commercially important cultivated species of Corchorus. Plant. The results demonstrate that the range of total flavonoids and polyphenols was 3.04 to 13.66 mg rutin equivalent (RE)/g and 5.12 to 7.78 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE)/g DW, respectively. We could not support an Indo-Myanmar origin of white jute, and possibly it also originated in Africa, but was domesticated in Asia. Leaves of Corchorus capsularis contained flavonoids, triterpenes, saponins, glucoside, capsularin which seems to be related to corchorin and steroids. We could not support an Indo-Myanmar origin of white jute, and possibly it also originated in Africa, but was domesticated in Asia. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. Jute definition, a strong, coarse fiber used for making burlap, gunny, cordage, etc., obtained from two East Indian plants, Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius, of the linden family. Introduction. See more. Jute (Corchorus spp.) Jute plants (Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis)The jute plant needs a plain alluvial soil and standing water. jute Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius L. China’s Fiber. Corchorus capsularis: Origin: Originated in China but is now grown in Bangladesh and India, and found spread across much of tropical Africa: Shapes : Many seeded globose to globose-obovoid capsules, about 1 centimeter in diameter: Taste: Bitter: Health benefits: Beneficial for dysentery, fevers, dyspepsia liver disorders and helps to increase appetite. Origin and growing area. It is an important cultivated commercial crop in Gangetic plains of India and Bangladesh. 529. There are up to 40 species growing in the tropical regions of Asia, Africa, America, and Australia. The study also showed that the organelle genetic groups of jute can be used to trace the parentage of modern Indian jute cultivars to one or two landraces cultivated in India about hundred years ago. Names of Corchorus Capsularis in various languages of the world are also given. Origins of white (Corchorus capsularis L.) and dark (C. olitorius L.) jute: A reevaluation based on nuclear and chloroplast microsatellites . The jute cultivation in every district of Bengal is spoken of as of modern origin. The leaves Botanical Description. Jute fibre is extracted from phloem tissue (bast or bark fibre) in the stem of Corchorus as against seed fibre in the case of cotton. Corchorus olitorius (L.) is one of the main crops for fibre production, cultivated in tropical and subtropical environments, from Africa to Japan, across the Middle East and India. Corchorus a genus of plants of the family Tiliaceae. Bangladesh ranks second among the jute growing countries. Abstract. Flickr photos, groups, and tags related to the "Corchorus capsularis" Flickr tag. C. capsularis is a member of the Malvaceae family. Corchorus olitorius is used mainly in the cuisines of southern Asia, the Middle East, North Africa and West Africa, Corchorus capsularis in Japan and China. Origin The primary centre of origin of C. olitorius is Africa with a secondary centre in India while C. capsular is originated from southern China. Help. The centre origin of Corchorus capsularis is the Indo-Burman region, including southern China and Southeast Asia. Un autre nom … Temperatures from 20 to 40 °C (68–104 °F) and relative humidity of 70%–80% are favourable for successful cultivation. Bangladesh, India and Pakistan are most important producer of jute fibre in the world. The seeds are used as a condiment and herbal teas are made from the leaves. The others were found wild in nature, but most of them are now extinct or in endemic condi-tion. Abstract. Corchorus capsularis L., Sp. The genus Corchorus belongs to the family Malvaceae (formerly Tiliaceae) and is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Sequence archive. Genet Resour Crop Evol (2016) 63:1103–1111 1111. Login | Create Account: Home About Us Browse by Year Browse by Subject Browse by Fellow Latest Items Advanced Search Submission Guidelines Repository Policies IRStats Help Contact Us. Of corchorus capsularis origin are now extinct or in Asia India C. capsularis Secondary origin – India C. capsularis is for... 7 ( 2n = 2x = 14 ). ). ). ) )... Annual erect herbaceous plant measures 1-2.5 m tall ( up to 4 m in cultivation ). ) )... Species in the genus Corchorus is one of the hibiscus, or mallow, family ( Malvaceae.! In developing countries, the leaves = 2x = 14 ). ). ). )..... 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